Music can positively affect our emotions. Music can harmonize our psyche and music is very helpful in the treatment of a variety of physical difficulties. Playing music, especially classical music, to children in the early years of life, has beneficial effects on mental development of their personality in the future.
Effects of Music
Music that is pleasant to listen for us may increase serotonin levels. Serotonin is a chemical substance that participates in the establishing of our moods. Its low-level causes sleep disorders, bad moods, and depression. Every man obviously likes different kind of music. Some music settle us down and bring us into a harmony, some music activates us and other warm up our blood in veins. Expressive method used in psychology and psychotherapy that uses music, as a means for change is called music therapy. It is one of the most effective nonverbal method and is applicable to all age groups. We divide it into passive or receptive music therapy, when patient or client is only listener and active music therapy, which is an active process of creating music and sounds. Music affects our concept of time, increases physical resistance and perseverance. Listening to music also increases productivity of wor.
History of healing with music
The earliest reference of using musing as a treatment of depression and negative mental states can be found already in biblical stories. Here we can read how David cured King Saul by playing him the harp. Shamans in different parts of the world used and still are using music as a therapeutic tool and as a means of transferring to other sphere and realities. Music therapy was widely used, but it was not known as a music therapy yet, during the Middle Ages, and probably its greatest growth occurs in the 17th and 18th centuries. In the 19th century, interest the healing with music has declined somewhat, but in the 20th century it is very common method used by many therapist. Music and its effects are plenteously used in psychotherapy.
Music component, that affects us
Music has three main components that affect us. Each of them is slightly different. Our physical condition mainly affects the rhythm of the music. It also affects the heart and internal organs. Emotional aspects of man and his sensibility influences music melody. Harmony of the music has the ability to elevate the level of human consciousness to a higher spiritual levels and grades. Truly healing music should ideally have all three elements in a balanced ratio. But of course, every man meets a slightly different type of music.
What kind of music to choose?
Music that is used for the therapy and for inducing of pleasant mental states is very different. Everyone prefers something else, because we all have our own individual and unique taste. Mood that certain music evokes does not has to be always pleasant for everyone. We are usually attracted to that kind of music, which symbolizes the antipole to what are actually experiencing ourselves. Daily life and its pace in today's hectic world is usually accelerated. Senses and intellect are heavily oversaturated. In case, when we are looking for calming and relaxing, we are usually listening slower and soothing music. It has healing and moderating effects. At other times, when we must pay attention for a long time to one business or work task we choose for relaxation some quick, fresh music that distract our minds from previous actions and encourage us. Music has the power to relieve stress and tension.
Among the recorded music, whose influence is widely used in neurology and within some psychotherapeutic procedures is music from Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Different tests have proven that students who are learning whilst listening Mozart's music have consecutively higher results. The effects of listening these tones are also considered as positive for patients suffering from epilepsy and Alzheimer's disease. In medicine we can even meet, since the late 90s, a new concept called - the Mozart effect.
The Mozart effect
Based on the research results from doctor Frances Rauscher and her colleagues was confirmed that university students after listening ten minutes of Mozart's Sonata for Two Pianos reach about 8-9 points better results in tests of three-dimensional intelligence than in cases where when they are not listening music. This short-term "increase of IQ" is observable for 10-15 minutes. The music positively affects our thinking and creativity. Mozart effect can be confirmed even when this music are listening children aged 4-6 years. Here studies have shown that listening to music and progress of music education does not only support children's creative and imagination, but it is increasing their intelligence in general.
Supervisors and managers of large companies agree that artistic and musical education prepares workers for better performance in the 21st century.
Music suitable for relaxation and meditation
If you love classical music, then you will certainly be relaxing with music of Mozart, Bach, Vivaldi, Beethoven, etc.. Fro the relaxing or chill out music can be recommended Brian Eno, Steven Halpern, Achillea, Jens Gad, Vangelis or Debussy. It is also possible for good relaxation to listen to the tones of mantras or meditation music. Representatives of meditation music are Deva Premal and music of Tibetan monks.
The influence of music on health
Nowadays are in progress researches, which also deal with the influence of music on our overall health, not only on the human psyche, but also on the physical aspect. Research shows that music has a very strong influence on the activity of the heart and blood pressure. Loud music up increases blood pressure and causes vasoconstriction, while lower volume of music causes repeated sedation of our state. Listening of slow Baroque music has according to the results from researches a positive effect on memory and on stowing information in our memory.
Music is used to relieve pain, anxiety, and fear. Music is also used in the treatment of post-heart effect conditions and for the treatment of long-term diseases. In psychotherapy it is used for promoting adaptability, communication and other issues in relation to the formation of neuroses.
Children and Music
Unborn baby can already hear the music and to distinguish it from the third month of age. Bimonthly children are able to recognize the height and volume of tone and melody. Four-month-old children can already recognize rhythm. The positive effects of music on the pregnant mother and their children in the period before and after childbirth are clearly proven.
Sounds that baby hears in the mother's womb, can positively or negatively affect his psychic development. Too loud music or loud argument can clearly negatively affect the child. Positive effects have a nice melodic music in pleasant volume. If you will regularly play pleasant song to your future baby or you will sing a song to your baby, then this song will work as a lullaby after his birth.
Music and especially singing needs all children regardless of their age or gender. Singing lullabies before sleep is actually a kind of first basic music therapy. It is good for children to play them music before they are born and then through their whole childhood. The positive effects of music is used in paediatrics, child psychiatry, to support the elimination of child developmental disorders, while dyslexia and other learning disabilities and behaviour. It is also used during therapy eliminating various neuroses. Continuous acquisition of musical skills and knowledge significantly contributes to the development of desirable forms of human personality and character. A pleasant and positive music is the prevention of child depression and pathological behaviour. It is recommended to parents familiarizing children with quality music from the past and present, from an early age. Music has a great potential and it can enrich your child for the rest of its life.
Music therapy or therapy through music
The systematic development of music therapy as a scientific discipline, started after middle of the 20th century. Music therapy is a holistic treatment that uses music, voice, rhythm, vibration and everything that is related to induce positive changes in the physical, mental, emotional, and spiritual energy. The active form of music therapy is creating music by client himself, herself, or group of clients. For this therapy are usually used simple instruments, drums, djembe or Tibetan bowls.
In such a collective creation of live music are all involved clients closely connected. This leads to a deep experience of self-expression, in contact with oneself and the possibilities of obtaining or regaining their trust in interpersonal relations. The client are thus gaining new skills, enrich their lives with interesting and new experience. Playing a musical instrument, among other beneficial effects, also has positive effects on human motoric development.
Another form is receptive music therapy, in which the client listens to music; it may not even be music, as we usually know it. Sometimes we will experience similar effects after listening to the silence, natural noises, and sounds of the sea or the crackling fire. The client perceives music and sounds lying, relaxed, and in peaceful position. Sometimes it may be the music played by the therapist.
One of the most powerful instruments of music therapy is human voice itself, breath and play on your own body. All these practices help self-awareness and awareness of our own body. Singing goes with humankind since time immemorial. Singing was part of the ancient rituals, magical incantations, and celebrations of all kinds. Music allows us to express a wide range of emotions and feelings.
Music therapy is appropriate and good to conduct in the group. Group music therapy allows mapping of social interaction of the clients, their relationships, status within the group and nonverbal communication skills. It offers a unique way of looking at group processes and interactions.
Music is communication
Music is a certain form of communication. The music carries a message. Music is a way to exacerbate emotions and evoke feelings. It is possibility how to connect one mind to another. Communication skill is a specific type of communication that has closest to telepathy and within such communications is communicated and transmitted experiences that cannot pass any other way.