Meridians: Energy Lines of the Human Body

Meridiány jsou energetické dráhy těla.Meridians are energy lines of the body, energy channels closely connected with organs, tissues and structures of the human body and its functions. Meridians were discovered more than 3,000 years ago by means of ingenious methods of healers, doctors, monks and Taoists of the Eastern world. Their lines are fixed, they go 3-5 mm under human skin and they touch its surface in certain points which are called acupuncture points.

The life-energy known as "qi" flows through these lines. The energy manifests through various ways, not only on the physical level, but also mentally and spiritually.

There are many energy lines but when working with energies, we employ the 12 primary lines. The longitudinal course of the channels resembles the course of meridians on the globe. There are 12 on the left side of the body and 12 on the right side of the body; furthermore, there are also two non-paired meridians. One of them runs along the frontal central body line and the second on the rear central body line.

According to the Eastern medicine, beginnings of illnesses and mental discord always stem from the human body energy. Cleansing and stimulating these energy channels will significantly help improve and strengthen health on the physical and mental level and improve the life energy input. The channel nomenclature stems from organs and their affinity to the individual elements.

Classification of Energy Lines

Při práci s energiemi se soustřeďujeme především na 12 hlavních drah.Liver and gallbladder pertain to the element of wood. The element of fire has theear and small intestine, pericardium and system organs. The element of Earth has spleen and stomach. Lungs and large intestine pertain to the element of metal. Kidneys and urinary bladder pertain to the element of water. Mutual relationships between the organs are also divided according to yin-yang.

Yin channels are channels of hands, running from the chest down along the inner arms all the way to fingertips where they end. They are channels of lungs, pericardium and heart. Yang channels begin at the fingertips and energy flows through these channels upwards along the exterior side of the arm, across shoulders to the head. They are channels of small and large intestine. The energy flows down from the head through long yang lines from the head down the back and along exterior side of legs, across stomach and chest, along lines of kidneys, liver and spleen. From here, energy flows into yin channels for arms, closing the entire energy ring.

Each of these channels has its own characteristics, specific process and relationship towards other organs.

Lung Meridian

General Characteristics A yin channel running downward from the chest towards hands.
Channel Course The channel starts inside the chest, runs down towards the large intestine and back along the stomach, from pylorus to entry to the stomach. It goes through the diaphragm and enters lungs from where it continues upward towards the trachea and throat. From the throat, it goes diagonally to the armpit and along the inner side of the arm all the way to the tip of thumb where it ends. The lung channel has one branch line which separates behind the wrist and it goes along the edge of the index finger towards the inner edge of the nail bed. This branch crosses the large intestine channel.
Organs and Regions Subject to the Lung Meridian nose, throat, lungs, chest, upper limbs
Moods sadness
Element metal - air
Energy Balance in the Lung Meridian brings these values humility, modesty, joy, satisfaction and tolerance
Physical Symptoms of Energy Imbalance They are related to individual lung functions Typical symptoms are breathing problems, cough, asthma, shortness of breath and feeling of a full chest, pains near the collarbone, sore throat, fever, fever with or without perspiration, lowered resistance against cold and infections, cardiac arrhythmia, pains in wrists and shoulders, problems with urination, some eczemas, stains on the skin.
Mental Symptoms of Energy Imbalance depressions, emotional numbness, melancholy, self-underestimating, gloominess, disdain, pity
Time   3 AM to 5 AM when lungs are very active; that is the time when smokers and asthmatics and others with breathing problems, cold and bronchitis wake up.

Large Intestine Meridian

General Characteristics A yang channel running upward from the hand towards the head.
Channel Course It starts at the index finger nail bed, runs along the outer side of the index finger towards the wrist, continues along the outer side of the forearm, across the elbow up and to the highest point on the shoulder. One branch of the meridian turns inwards to the body and goes to lungs and large intestine. Another branch continues near the surface and runs to the neck, across cheeks and inwards through teeth and ends in the place where it crosses the upper lip under the nostril.
Organs Subject to the Colon Meridian mouth, teeth, head, throat, tongue, cheeks, oesophagus, upper limbs
Moods   sadness 
Element metal
If the Colon Meridian Energy is balanced... ... then people are able to get enthusiastic about something, be generous, be able to forgive and let things go
Physical Symptoms of Energy Imbalance sore and swollen throat, toothache, tonsillitis, bronchitis, blocked neck, pains above elbows and stomach ache, dry eyes, yellow white of the eye, nosebleed, blocked index finger syndrome.
Long-term Mental Symptoms of Energy Imbalance long-term retention of experienced and out-dated emotions and feelings, problems with emotional giving and receiving, feelings of being underrated, inner depression, feelings of guilt, apathy, indifference, but also of greed and selfishness.
Time 5 AM to 7 Am when the large intestine is the most active. We recommend taking habit of evacuation at this time as well as to avoid stress and hurry. It is necessary to wake up slowly, because sick and weakened people feel very bad at this time. It is also suitable to drink lots of tea for prevention, mainly in case of the aforementioned problems.

Stomach Meridian

General Characteristics A yang channel running downward from head towards legs.
Channel Course The channel begins under nostrils and takes over the energy of the large intestine meridian. It rises upward through the nose towards its root and enters the surface under eyes. Along the nose towards lower jaw, it turns towards the temple before the ear and up towards the skull. Then it runs down again through the jaw joint towards the neck, through the collarbone and chest to the stomach. Further, it continues to the belly and lap, further towards thighs, to the outer side of the knee, up front through the centre of the shin and towards the tip of the foot; it ends on the outer side of the second and third toes. There is one short branch going from tarsus to the inner big toe side where it connects with the spleen energy channel.
Organs and Regions Subject to the Stomach Meridian head, cheeks, mouth, teeth, throat, stomach, bowels, lower limbs
Moods worries 
Element  earth
Energy Balance empathy, satisfaction, adaptability, trust
Physical Symptoms of Energy Imbalance flatulence, bad digestion, cold feet, thermal regulation problems, fever and hallucinations, swollen throat, swollen knees, aching lower limbs, joint ache, jaw tension, problems with mammary glands
Mental Symptoms of Energy Imbalance inability to love and understand people around you, worrying and oversensitivity about emotional impulses, on the other hand bitterness, indifference, superficiality, quietness, temper tantrums, doubtfulness, criticism, low flexibility or rigidity
Time 7 AM to 9 AM. During this time, stomach becomes very active and it is suitable to use this time to feed and complement vitamins. The body should be warm, so taking cold showers or baths is not advisable.

Pancreas/Spleen Meridian

General Characteristics A yin channel running upwards from feet to chest
Channel Course It runs from the inner side of the big toe along inner side of the foot, before the ankle along the back side of the calf across the inner side of the knee and thigh upwards; it enters the abdominal cavity, the spleen and continues to the chest, through the body towards throat and root of the tongue. The interior meridian branch leads to the heart where it merges with the heart meridian.
Organs and Regions Subject to the Pancreas/Spleen Meridian lungs, belly, bowels, stomach, spleen, liver, urogenital system, lower limbs
Moods worries
Element earth
Energy Balance acceptance, hope, empathy, trust
Physical Symptoms of Energy Imbalance   nausea after eating, stomach ache, flatulence, belching, tongue root hardening, loose bowel movement with diarrhea and the feeling of insufficient bowel evacuation, water blocked in the body, unstable sleep, long standing causing trouble, swellings on the inner side of knees and thighs, cold limbs, lacking energy, watery secretions leaking from the nose, throat, mouth and also other mucous membranes, anaemia, blood vessels elasticity disrupted, excessive bleeding, bruises
Mental Symptoms of Energy Imbalance owered thinking, clumsy and confused, lack of focus, problems with thinking and memory, fleeting thoughts and fixed ideas, compulsive behaviour, dogmatism, anxiousness, mental lability, feelings of dispossession, troubles adapting to new environments, fear of the future, stubbornness, envy
Time 9 AM to 11 AM, at the time when spleen is very active, we recommend you avoid drinking alcohol. It is suitable to eat fruits honey at this time (it is the only time of day when the body is able to digest sweets). We should also avoid excessive physical activity; however, we can be very fruitful mentally. The morning performance peak comes around 11:00 AM.  

Heart Meridian

General Characteristics It is a yin channel going downward from the chest to hands.
Channel Course This channel begins at the heart and one of its branches goes through the body through the diaphragm and the another one goes upward through the neck to eyes. The third branch runs across breasts, from the heart towards lungs. We can feel on the surface it in our armpits. It goes across the inner side of elbow and forearm into the palm and ends by the nail bed on the inner side of the little finger where it connects with the small intestine meridian.
Organs and Regions Subject to the Heart Meridian heart, chest, central nervous system (CNS) and upper limbs
Moods   joy
Element   fire  
Heart Meridian Energy Balanced self-confidence, forgiveness, ability to love, sympathy, cordiality
Physical Symptoms of Energy Imbalance pathological conditions related to heart activity and to organs in the path of the meridian; heart palpitations, frequent blushing, night perspiration, perspiration upon slight strain. However, the symptoms may also include paleness and cold face, palms, feet, increased sensitivity to warmth and cold, dry throat, thirst, heart pains, aching under ribs and on inner sides of arms, cold or hot hands, insomnia, yellow white of the eye.
Mental Symptoms of Energy Imbalance mental restlessness, excess emotional reactions, hysteria, speech impediments and inability to communicate, memory problems, forgetfulness, absent-mindedness, sleep disorders, nightmares, behaviour disorders, low self-esteem, insecurity, sadness, hateful feelings, disappointment, fals expectations
Time 11 AM to 1 PM At the time of high heart activity, it is not advisable to burden our body with large amount of food. The body is in a slightly inhibited stage of the day and that is why you need to be cautious, the risk of injury increases. So use this time of day to treat your body with a short walk or a short rest or nap.

Small Intestine Meridian

General Characteristics A yang channel running upward from the hand towards the head.
Channel Course The channel begins at the outer edge of the little finger nail bed, runs along the edge of the palm towards the wrist and further along the back side of the forearm towards the elbow, above it, across shoulders and to the highest point of the back. One branch of the meridian runs through the inside of the body through the heart, diaphragm and stomach all the way to the small intestine. Another branch goes upward along the side of the neck to the face and ear. One short branch turns towards the cheek and leads to the inner eye corner where it connects with the continuing urinary bladder meridian.
Organs and Regions Subject to the Small Intestine Meridian head, throat, neck, back and upper limbs
Moods joy
Element  fire  
Energy Balance in the Lung Meridian brings these values joy of life, acceptance, safety
Physical Symptoms of Energy Imbalance sore throat, shoulder and arm pain, expansive lower abdominal pain, syndromes associated with disorders of creation and distribution of bodily fluids including yellowing of the whites of the eyes, tinnitus, deafness, neck and shoulder pain, inflammation in the jaw areas, tension in the neck, loss of feeling in fingers
Mental Symptoms of Energy Imbalance   disrupted analytical and emotional processing, excessive criticism, uncritical analysis, inability to reconsider one's feelings. In the background of this behaviour, there is fear for one's existence, feeling of inability to earn from one's activities, rigidity, troubles with boundaries, carelessness, overestimating one's capabilities, pushing one's limits at the expense of others, irritation with disorder in the central nervous system, suffering, oversensitivity, sadness, worries
Time 1 PM to 3 PM Small intestine is at the peak of its activity at this time. Teeth sensitivity decreases which makes this time of day perfect for dental procedures. Physical activity of the body increases.

Meridian of Kidneys

General Characteristics A yin channel running upward from the leg towards the chest.
Channel Course It starts on the bottom side of the little toe, goes to the centre of the foot and along the tarsus towards inner ankle. From here, energy flows up along the inner side of the calf to the knee, along the back inner side of the thigh, where it enters the body up near the spine, goes into the kidney and urinary bladder. It continues through the pubic bone, stomach and chest up to the collar bone. One small branch starts in the kidneys, rises up through kidneys, diaphragm and lungs and along the throat to the root of the tongue. Another branch connects the heart with the cardiovascular meridian.
Organs and Regions Subject to the Meridian of Adrenal Glands lungs, internal organs, urogenital organs, throat, lower limbs
Moods fear
Element  water 
Energy Balance trust, decisiveness, creativity, care free nature, self-confidence
Physical Symptoms of Energy Imbalance   Diseases of the kidneys and other functions associated with their activities: loss of appetite, dark circles under eyes, dark colouring of the face, bags under the eyes, acne, eczema, shortness of breath, dry hands, hot mouth, throat infections, tonsillitis, jaundice, cardiac arrhythmia, blurred vision, heart pain, sexual and hormonal difficulties, sensitivity in the area of shoulders, on the inside of the knees, thighs, calves, ankles, swelling, burning pain in feet, hearing and balance disorders, pain in the ears, chronic fatigue, water retention, night enuresis, ear diseases, motor disorders, muscle atrophy in legs.
Mental Symptoms of Energy Imbalance mental and spiritual restlessness, indecisiveness, hesitance, apprehensiveness, impatience, cynicism, lower motivation, hopelessness, sadness, phobias, fearfulness, anxieties, inner tension
Time 5 PM to 7 PM

Meridian of Three Burners aka Meridian of the Thyroid Gland

It is mainly an energy channel, its influence on particular organs is considered secondary in this case.

General Characteristics A yin channel running upward from the ring finger to the outer part of eyebrows.
Channel Course It begins at the ring finger nail and goes through the centre of the outer side of the arm. At the elbow, it enters between ulna and radius joints, continues across the shoulder around the shoulder blades towards the seventh cervical vertebra. From here, it advances forward across the trapezius muscle near the collar bone and toward the breastbone from where it disperses into the pericardium and goes down across the upper, central and lower burner. At the centre of the chest, another branch separates, heading up across the fossa, throat and all the way above the ear where it refracts downward to the lower jaw and returns up under the eye from there. Behind the ear, another branch separates which enters the ear and then goes to the outer eye corner.
Organs Subject to the Thyroid Gland Meridian eyes, ears, tongue, chest sides, shoulders and elbows
Element  fire 
Energy Balance hopefulness, balance and lightness
Physical Symptoms of Energy Imbalance partial deafness, tinnitus, throat infections, sweating and thermoregulation disorders, cardiovascular problems, impaired function of the lymphatic system, weakening the body's immunity, allergies, fluid retention and toxins in the body, swelling around the channel route, pain in the outer corner of the eye, swelling of the face in the area of cheekbone, pain behind the ear and on the outer side of the shoulder, pain in upper arm, in the elbow and forearm, the inability to use the ring finger
Mental Symptoms of Energy Imbalance excessive worries about yourself and your loved ones, lack of kindness in social relationships
Time The "three burners" are at the peak of their activity in the evening, particularly between 9 PM and 11 PM; at this time, the body prepares for sleep and we should also keep calm and avoid doing anything for its activation. During this time, it is preferable not to smoke and eat

Gallbladder Meridian

General Characteristics A yang channel running downward from head towards legs.
Channel Course The channel starts in two branches from the outer eye corner. One branch zigzags along the side of the head, continues behind the ear to neck and shoulders and from here downward along lower ribs to the hips. The other branch goes through the inside of the body through cheeks, across the neck and chest downward to liver and gallbladder. Both branches connect in the area of hips. The energy channel runs through the hip joint along the outer edge of the thigh to the knee, along the shin bone to the outer ankle, across tarsus to the end of the fourth toe. There is one small branch on the tarsus that turns diagonally across the foot toward the big toe and brings energy to the liver meridian.  
Organs and Regions Subject to the Gall Bladder Meridian ears, eyes, chest, liver, gall bladder, lower limbs, buttocks and knees
Element  wood
Energy Balance modesty, understanding, tolerance, benevolence, enterprise, creativity
Physical Symptoms of Energy Imbalance   Gallbladder problems and gallstones, bitterness in the mouth, pain in the hypochondrium, frequent sighing, drying of the skin, pale face, skin surface missing grease and moisture, warmth rising over the outside of the calf and thigh. Headaches in forehead and the corners of the eyes, neck and shoulder stiffness, painful swelling above the collarbone and armpit lymph node inflammation in the neck or armpit, spontaneous perspiration, seizures, fever or feverish chills, joint pain in the outer areas of channel, on ribs, hips, knees, ankles, immobile of the toe next to the small toe. Diseases of eyes and ears, headaches, tension in the neck, back pain, tightness in chest, pain in the hip and knee, blood stasis in the legs.  
Mental Symptoms of Energy Imbalance lack of creativity, lack of independent analysis, blurred thinking, inability to practically implement life plans, attention to detail - pedantry, excessive responsibility taking, chronic dissatisfaction, impatience, persistent irritability, rage, anger, indecision, powerlessness
Time The gallbladder is at the height of its activity between 11 PM and 1 AM. Those who experience problems with gallbladder usually wake up at this time or are unable to fall asleep.

Urinary Bladder Meridian

General Characteristics A yang channel running downward from head towards legs.
Channel Course It begins at the inner corner of the eye and goes across the forehead to the highest point of the head. It has a small branch which enters the brain. The main branch of the meridian goes through the back of the skull towards the neck. From here, two, three or four parallel branches go downwards. One branch turns inside the body in the lumbar region, heading for the kidney and urinary bladder. Both these branches go across buttocks along the back side of the thigh down to the popliteal region. The branches meet here and the main channel goes through the shinbone to the outer ankle along the outer side of the foot to the end of the little toe. Here, it connects with the kidney energy channel.
Organs and Regions Subject to the Meridian of Adrenal Glands head, neck, back, buttock muscles and adjacent areas, central nervous system, skin, internal organs
Moods fear
Element  water
Energy Balance peace, trust and bravery
Physical Symptoms of Energy Imbalance   headaches penetrating into the brain, feeling of eyes popping out of the head, neck pain, pain and stiffness of the spine, pain and muscle tension in the neck, back, waist, seat muscles, the area behind the knee, back of the calf and heel, feelings of imbalance in waist, knotting in the popliteal area and a feeling of biting pain in the calves, haemorrhoids, fever with chills, mental disorders manifesting with delirium, confusion and seizures with loss of consciousness, tearing, discharge of thin mucus or blood from the nose, yellowing of the whites of the eyes, difficulties associated with urination, including incontinence and frequent urination, urinary retention, enlarged prostate, bone diseases, some forms of arthritis and osteoporosis, premature hair loss, hair greying and loss of gloss, tooth decay, hearing impairment, loss of mobility in the little toe, inadequate nutrition to tendons in the body, painful feelings of coldness in the extremities
Mental Symptoms of Energy Imbalance restlessness, fearfulness, shyness, lack of consideration, carelessness, hyperactivity of the autonomous nervous system with inappropriate reactions to stress and inability to relax Moreover, anxiety, fearfulness, impatience, frustration, consternation
Time 3 PM to 5 PM; at this time, the bladder is activated. It is good to drink herb teas and do sports. The digestive system is able to accept a hearty meal, activity rises and reaches a second peak performance.

Meridian of Epicardium, Pericardium and Vascular System

General Characteristics A yin channel running downward from the chest towards hands.
Channel Course This channel begins at the heart, then goes downward through the diaphragm and connect upper, central and lower part of the triple burner meridian. Another branch runs into the rib area, around the armpit to the outer side of the area above the elbow and along it to the arm bend, across the forearm and palm to the middle finger nail. One short branch turns in the palm and connects with the triple burner meridian at the ring finger nail bed.
Organs and Regions Subject to the Meridian of Adrenal Glands vascular and nervous system, heart, chest, stomach, upper limbs
Moods joy
Element  fire
Energy Balance inner peace, relaxation, self-confidence, happiness
Physical Symptoms of Energy Imbalance Spasmodic pain on the inside of the forearm and bending of the elbow, as well as heart problems manifesting with a feeling of fullness or severe heart palpitations, feelings of hotness in hands, facial flushing, yellowing of the whites of the eyes, brain disease, migraine, epilepsy, nausea and vomiting, angina pectoris, hiccups, cardiovascular disorders, paralysis, feelings of exhaustion, circulatory collapse or shock.
Mental Symptoms of Energy Imbalance Tendency to continuous loud laughter, inner restlessness. Furthermore also melancholy, feelings of guilt, gloominess, jealousy, anxiety, tension.
Time The pericardium and the cardiovascular system reach the peak of their activity around 7 PM to 9 PM. People are very perceptive at this time. It is a time suitable for culture - listening to music, watching theatre plays; but it is also the most efficient time for antibiotic effects or application of creams.

Liver Meridian

General Characteristics It is a yin channel running upwards from the leg to the chest.
Channel Course This channel begins at the nail bed on the outer side of the big toe, goes across the foot to the inner side of the calf and runs upward to the knee and thigh, to the pubic area, it circles the genitalia and enters lower abdomen. Inside the body, it flows into the liver and gallbladder and it branches out right before flowing into lungs where the cycle of the energy channel closes. Ty energy cycle begins anew here. Along the trachea to the neck, there is a separate branch to the neck and the eye. It circles the inside of the lips across the cheek, downwards. Another branch goes upward across the forehead to the peak of the skull.
Organs and Regions Subject to the Gall Bladder Meridian liver, gall bladder, pancreas, urogenital organs and torso sides
Moods anger
Element wood
Energy Balance satisfaction, forgiveness, happiness and joy of life
Physical Symptoms of Energy Imbalance Apart from diseases related to liver function, the channel is also associated with other local disturbances, e.g. swelling of the scrotum in men and lower abdomen in women, difficulty bending forward and backward, pain in the area of the small of the back and head, tinnitus, blurred vision, dry eyes, feelings of fullness in the hypochondrium, vomiting, constipation, diarrhea, indigestion, incontinence or urine retention, fatigue, alternate swelling of the scrotum. Muscle cramps in places along the channel, diseased tendons, joints and ligaments. The face is dry and the colour of dust, soft, weak, brittle nails, hair without gloss. Migraine, pain in the chest and back, menstrual disorders, urinary tract inflammation, pain in the calf, high blood pressure, epilepsy.
Mental Symptoms of Energy Imbalance   Excessive self-control, feeling of weak self-control, erratic behaviour and emotions, outbursts of rage, anger, impulsive conduct, increased irritability, hypersensitivity to noise, strong smells and tastes, frustration, rigidity of thought, work exhaustion combined with inability to relax, excessive plan-making, rage, anger, resentment, anger, vindictiveness
Time   Liver is at the peak of its activity between 1 AM and 3 AM. At this time the body is inhibited (the lowest oxygenation of the brain), and that is why we need to be more careful e.g. while traveling. This is also the time when people sufferring from gallbladder problems wake up, since liver and gallbladder work together. It is not advisable to drink alcohol, smoke, ingest fats and coffee.

Apart from these meridians, there are two control channels; a yang channel of the meridian of the posterior central line and a yin channel of the anterior central line, also called the line of conception.

Meridián zadní střední dráhy – řídící dráha – jang

jin-jangThis channel begins in the pelvic area and goes upward inside the body, towards kidneys. The energy flow runs through another interior branch downward perineum and surfaces there. It further goes to the coccyges, through the centre of the spine up to the head and into the brain. It turns towards the forehead and the nose around the peak of the head and ends in the upper gums. Balance of this energy brings joy of life, spirit of enterprise, peace and calmness. Imbalance of this energy shows physical symptoms such as nervous disorders, spasmodic seizures similar to epileptic seizures, pains shooting up from lower abdomen towards the heart, haemorrhoids, problems with urination, incontinence, infertility, spasmodic stiffness in the spine, unconsciousness. Lack of vitality, sexual problems, back ache, various infectious diseases, cold, headaches, nervous weakness, venereal diseases and urinary tract diseases. Mental imbalance manifests by lack of creativity, inability to make independent assessment, blurred thinking, inability to implement one's life plans practically, feelings of excessive responsibility, depressions and lack of energy.

Meridian of the Anterior Central Line - Conception Channel - Yin

 

The beginning of this path is in the pelvic area, the channel surfaces by the perineum in the anus area, goes forward through genitals, rises through the centre of the stomach to the chest, abdomen and neck to the lower jaw. There it penetrates inside the body, circles the lips and sends two branches towards the eyes.

If the energy is in balance it manifests itself primarily calmness and gentleness, such a person feels inner peace, confidence, responsibility for oneself and openness. Energy balance disorders occur in both sexes, and manifest with frigidity, infertility, diarrhea or constipation, difficulty in urination, vomiting of blood, cough, toothache and sore throat; there may also be pains in the anterior central line of the body, there are also speech impediments, facial paralysis, diseases of the heart and lungs, rasping voice, bronchitis, flatulence, high blood pressure, abdominal pain, and various genitourinary problems. In women, menstrual disorders may occur. Mentally, the energy imbalance manifests with emotional lability, nervousness, speech disorder, stuttering, weak-will, feelings of shame and embarrassment, blushing, chest tightness and tension.

 


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