How to Get Rid of Varicose Veins

Varicose veins are a very frequent medical complication that plagues mainly women. They are a certain cosmetic problem as well and so consequences of this disease may reflect negatively also in the mental condition. Based on their frequency, varicose veins are considered a lifestyle disease as its development is often a result of unsuitable lifestyle. What are known types of varicose veins and how can we defeat them?

The numbers of people suffering from varicose veins keeps increasing. Interestingly, statistics show that this disease affects Slavic nations the most, but e.g. Asians or people of African descent have hardly ever heard of it. Fortunately, medicine is constantly looking for new ways and methods to fight this disease successfully. Modern technologies allow for painless outpatient procedures with excellent prognoses, so if you suffer from varicose veins, do not despair. They can be removed. However, it is true that the treatment must be complex. It is necessary to find the cause first and then try to avoid a potential future outburst by taking on better lifestyle.

How and Why Do We Have Varicose Veins?

Varicose veins occur because of several essential factors. Their occurrence increases proportionally to increasing age; mainly obese people and those with bad lifestyle habits are threatened. These habits include mainly lack of physical activity and junk food which are the very things leading to obesity. People with long-term sitting or standing jobs also tend to suffer from varicose veins. It is also not uncommon for varicose veins to occur in pregnant women.It is worth mentioning that if both parents have varicose veins, there is roughly 70% chance of their children having them too. Heritage also plays its role. As we premised in the introduction to this Article, varicose veins occur in women more frequently than in men; experts state the rate is 3:1. As far as the disease progress and symptom intensity are concerned, they are fairly individual. Some people end up on the operating table after only a few months with varicose veins, others only after some years.

Varicose veins are fairly easy to distinguish because they are clearly visible, especially in the later stages. That is also the reason women hate them so much. Because of them, many women refrain from wearing shorts and skirts and their self-confidence gets badly damaged. We can describe them as small or larger swollen purplish or blue knots visible under the skin which are very painful to touch. These venous knots occur because blood starts to pile up and congest in so-called leaflet valves (they prevent blood flowing upward from the legs to the heart from flowing backwards). If their flexibility is limited, blood stops flowing through them and congests in them, enlarging the veins even more, as well as in other veins which get twisted and deformed under the pressure of the blood. And as the veins widen with the newly flowing blood, their walls stretch and become thinner. Therefore, veins are no longer able to fulfil their function to 100%. Both the superficial and the deep venous systems can be affected by the varicose veins problem; in the latter case, the situation is very severe.

Basic Categorization: Primary and Secondary Varicose Veins

There is some distinction to the varicose veins. As we have already mentioned above, both the superficial and the deep venous systems can be affected and the classification into primary and secondary varicose veins is related to that. Primary varicose veins are the twisted veins of the superficial venous system. The former type occurs mainly on the basis of a weakened venous wall, in the latter type, varicose veins manifest a certain venous disease which causes valvular incompetence and makes the veins twist towards the skin surface.

Varicose Veins - Symptoms

We learn that there is something wrong with the venous system in our legs not only because we feel the presence of the venous knots protruding immediately under the skin. Varicose veins also have other symptoms which are unfortunately very unpleasant and painful. These are mainly:

• the general feeling of "heavy legs" 

• tired and aching muscles

• spasm in various regions or tingling sensation

• swelling in calves and ankles

• unpleasant feelings, pain and spasm during long period standing or sitting

 

You Must Start Treating Varicose Veins As Soon As Possible

To make sure the treatment is efficient, it is necessary to start it as soon as possible and catch varicose veins in the initial stages of development. Your physician will determine a suitable form of treatment according to the extent of the problem. Treatment can be conservative or surgical.

  • Conservative treatment of varicose veins.

If the physician finds that varicose veins are just starting to develop, they recommend regime measures and compression methods (using special elastic pantyhose) when the increased pressure acting on the veins may help renew their function. In some cases, medication is also prescribed to support regeneration and firmness of the venous system. It is noteworthy that the treatment doesn't make the varicose veins disappear but it prevents them to develop further into complication. It is very important for the patient to maintain a healthy lifestyle and support the treatment with walking and overall movement. It is often recommended to shower the legs alternately with warm (not hot) and cold water. These changes in temperature "train" venous flexibility that got limited by the varicose veins.

• Surgical Treatment to Varicose Veins and Other Methods

If the conservative treatment doesn't work or you come to see a doctor with fully developed varicose veins that go deep into the venous system, there is often no other way than to remove them. Thanks to modern technologies and progress in medicine, there are several ways to do that. The following chart brings the overview of the procedures and their courses.

Method

Procedure

  • Classic operation

- by means of two small incisions (in the groins and near the knee or ankle), a special guide is introduced and with it the damaged venous stem is removed

- this procedure is taken in larger veins and deeper level of varicose veins

- hospitalization necessary

  • CHIVA method

- an incision or puncture is made in specified spots, then the veins are ligated, shortened or an affected sector is removed

- removes only affected areas

- opted in case of smaller veins

- no hospitalization required

  • Laser treatment

- the light of the laser ray becomes heat in the given vein which makes the specified affected area sealed and shrunk

- allows for very precise focus

- does not damage adjacent structures

- opted in case of veins up to 1 mm

- no hospitalization required

  • Radio-frequency treatment

- a radio-frequency energy is applied into the veins that will seal the affected area with its heat, the vein will shrink and can no longer be seen under the skin

- this procedure is opted for venous stems treatment

- no hospitalization required

  • Sclerotherapy

- a substance is introduced into veins by means of an injection that will chemically damage the structure in the given area and make the venous walls stick together

- after the procedure, it is necessary to apply a compress bandage to make the varicose veins change into connective tissue and absorbed into the body

- opted in case of small and very small blood vessels up to 3 mm

- no hospitalization required

Natural and Supplement Treatment of Varicose Veins

it is recommended to complement all classic forms of treatment described above with diet rich in vitamins and minerals. If you want to go the extra mile for yourself, you can also use the plants and dietary supplements below to improve the condition of your veins, mitigate swellings, pain and spasms and take good care of your circulation in general.

      • comfrey - poultice from raw grated root
      • Chestnut - ointments, oils, tinctures and milk extract
      • buckwheat - a decoction of skins
      • white oak - a decoction of the bark
      • rosemary - a decoction of the leaves
      • lecithin
      • vitamin E
      • vitamin C
      • zinc

Prevention

If you don't want suffer from varicose veins, you need to maintain healthy lifestyle and take proper care for your legs. We have already mentioned alternating warm and cold water at the end of each shower and we have prepared other tips for you to lower the risk of varicose veins in the chart below:

• if you have a sedentary job (or only stand at work), take breaks and stretch your legs

• do not overstrain; rest sufficiently

  • have sufficient movement, even walking is good enough
  • do not smoke or drink alcohol
  • do not wear high-heeled shoes
  • do not wear clothes that prevent good circulation in your limbs
  • if you have a sedentary job (or only stand at work), take breaks and stretch your legs
  • do not overstrain; rest sufficiently
  • relax for a while every day with your legs up (above the level of the heart)
  • eat sufficient amount of fruits, vegetables, legumes and fish

Furthermore, prevention also entails exercise that can help you relieve the pain of overtired legs:

  • lie on your back and slowly raise your legs up as if to perform a shoulder stand and keep them up for several seconds before laying them back on the floor.
  • Lie on your back and pretend to be cycling, 5 minutes on one side and 5 minutes on the other side.

 

Tip: Yoghurt Wrap for Your Legs

Ingredients:

 - 1 white yoghurt

- half a cup of strong mint tea

 

Preparation: Mix the yoghurt with 3 teaspoons of the tea. Then smear the mixture on your entire feet from heels to toes and wrap them in a terry-cloth towel. Then put your legs up and relax in this position for 30 minutes. Then you can remove the towel and wash your feet.

The title of this article poses a fundamental question, i. e. how to get rid of varicose veins? Prevention is certainly the most efficient measure. If you manage to avoid this disease with your healthy habits and attitude to lifestyle, you do the best thing you can for yourself. Even though some doctors maintain the opinion that varicose veins are given genetically, their risks are not to be underestimated, especially if you have a job where you spend your workday standing up or sitting down all the time.

 

Do you have varicose veins? How do you treat them? Share your experience and knowledge in the comment section below the article.


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